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Taj Mahal, India

The Taj Mahal is a world-renowned monument located in Agra, India. It is one of the most famous examples of Mughal architecture and is considered a symbol of love and beauty. Here are some key facts about the Taj Mahal:

  1. Construction: The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Construction began in 1632 and was completed in 1653.
  2. Architectural Style: The Taj Mahal is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture, which is a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles. The main building is constructed of white marble with intricate inlay work of semi-precious stones.
  3. Design and Layout: The complex is set in a formal garden with the mausoleum at one end and a mosque and a guest house on either side. The main structure has a central dome, four minarets, and a symmetrical design.
  4. Central Dome: The central dome of the Taj Mahal is perhaps its most iconic feature. It is large and bulbous, reaching a height of 73 meters (240 feet) above the ground.
  5. Minarets: The four minarets surrounding the Taj Mahal are each about 40 meters (130 feet) tall and are designed to tilt slightly outward. This is a safety measure to ensure that in the event of an earthquake, the minarets would fall away from the main tomb.
  6. Materials: The main mausoleum is made of white marble brought from Makrana in Rajasthan. The intricate designs on the marble are created using inlays of semi-precious stones such as lapis lazuli, jade, crystal, turquoise, and amethyst.
  7. Symbol of Love: The Taj Mahal is often referred to as the “Symbol of Love” because it was built out of love and grief. Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died during childbirth, and the emperor was devastated. The Taj Mahal stands as a testament to the enduring love Shah Jahan had for his wife.
  8. UNESCO World Heritage Site: The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. It attracts millions of visitors from around the world each year.

The Taj Mahal is not only a cultural and architectural marvel but also holds immense historical and emotional significance. It is a must-visit destination for those interested in history, architecture, and the beauty of enduring love.

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